Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
- The TOEFL is a language proficiency test for non-native English speakers planning to study at English-speaking higher education institutions.
- TOEFL is also used for admission to and exit English-language learning programs, application for certain scholarships and certificates, and application for certain visas.
- Most students take TOEFL “ibT” (Internet-based test). The paper-based version of the TOEFL (“pbT”) is much less common.
Duration: 4 hours (includes mandatory 10-minute break)
- Reading (60-80 minutes, 36-56 questions)
- Read 3-4 academic passages and respond to questions.
- Listening (60-90 minutes, 34-51 questions)
- Listen to lectures or classroom discussions and respond to questions.
- Speaking (20 minutes, 6 tasks)
- Speak about familiar topics into microphone. Discuss material you read about/listen to.
- Writing (50 minutes, 2 tasks)
- Read a passage, listen to a recording, and write a response.
- Notes about Test Structure
- TOEFL is administered on a standard English-language (QWERTY) computer keyboard
- Reading and Listening sections may contain several unscored questions used to gather information for future tests
- Listening and Speaking sections will feature accents from North America, Australia, the U.K., and New Zealand
Scoring Scale: 0-120
- Reading & Listening: scored by a computer, 0-30 per section
- Speaking: each of 6 tasks rated 0-4; sum is converted to scaled score, 0-30
- Writing: each task rated 0-5; sum is converted to scaled score, 0-30
- Writing is scored for: organization of ideas, grammar, vocabulary, accuracy, and overall writing quality
- Writing is scored both by a trained rater and a computerized eRater
- No “passing” or “failing score”: each college/university sets its own score requirements
- Score report includes “performance feedback,” summary of your strengths and weaknesses
- Registration is open until 7 days before test date (available online, by phone, or by mail)
- Late online registration open until 4 days before test date, $40 fee
- Unlimited retakes are permitted, but only no more than once within a 12-day period
- Registration fees vary by country (approximately $170)
Rescheduling & Cancellation
- Full refund for cancellations made within 7 days after registration
- Refund of half of registration fee for cancellation made up to 4 days before test date
- Rescheduling fee: $60
Preparing for Test Day
- Plan to arrive at least 30 minutes before test start time
- You must bring
- Registration confirmation
- Valid, acceptable form of I.D.
- Test center will provide scratch paper and pencil
Receiving & Sending Scores
- Scores posted online about 10 days after test date
- Designate score recipients at time of registration (up to 4 score reports)
- $19 fee for each additional score report or ANY report requested after registration
- Option to cancel your scores at the end of testing session if you don’t want them on permanent record
- $20 fee to reinstate canceled scores if received within 60 days after test date
- Scores valid for 2 years after test date